You may be responsible for the upkeep of a pond and wondering how to keep the pond healthy for the fish and other living creatures. Here, you will learn about enzyme and bacterial treatments and aeration systems.
1. Enzyme Treatment
Perhaps the pond has cloudy water, algae growth, muck build-up, and odor. One thing to do is to introduce enzymes to the pond environment. With enzyme therapy, you may speed up the clearing of the muck through higher digestion rates by good bacteria.
Once muck and sludge build-up from organic wastes such as decomposed plants, fish waste, and duck and geese poop has reduced, the water may become clearer and odorless. And the algae may find it hard to continue growing where there is a lack of nutrients.
Making enzyme treatments a part of your routine care for the pond can sustain the benefits and result in an ecosystem that is a friendly habitat for its species.
2. Bacterial Treatment
You may combine enzymes with good bacteria to enhance the effectiveness and speed of the treatment. Bacteria come in aerobic and anaerobic types. Aerobic bacteria work with oxygen to break down the material, whereas anaerobic bacteria can do the job without oxygen.
Aerobic bacteria work faster, and their byproduct is odorless, whereas the byproduct of anaerobic bacteria is odorous gases. When a pond is oxygen-rich, aerobic bacteria have more growth opportunities. In adequate quantities, these bacteria colonies may keep up with the processing of the dead organic matter gathered at the pond’s bottom.
3. Aeration Systems
There are two methods of aeration that may add oxygen to a pond: surface and subsurface. Surface aerators include fountains, floating agitators, and rotors. In surface aeration, surface water is thrown up in droplets and comes back down, gaining oxygen. Submerged aerators use bubble diffuser units in subsurface aeration to release oxygen bubbles into the water. Electricity, wind, or solar energy may power aeration systems.
If pond water is stagnant, it may attract mosquitos to lay eggs. The water movement created by aerators may control or keep away mosquitos.
If the whole pond is covered in ice in the winter, oxygen may not penetrate, and the fish and other underwater organisms may need to compete for the remaining oxygen. The water movement created by aerators may cause that area of the pond to stay ice-free, enabling oxygen to reach the fish and the other organisms.